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Hướng dẫn lựa chọn bơm đo lưu lượng

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Metering pumps move precise volumes of liquid in a specified time period to provide accurate flow rates. This class of pumps moves liquids in two stages: the suction stroke and the discharge stroke. During the suction stroke, liquid is pulled into the pump cavity past the inlet check valve. During the discharge stroke, the inlet valve closes; the outlet valve opens, and the liquid is pushed out. Vary the flow either by changing the stroke length or by adjusting the cycle frequency. Described below are a few types of metering pumps listed in this catalog—bellows, diaphragm, and piston.
  • Bellows Pumps move a bellows back and forth to displace liquid. These pumps do not require seals. Special nonclogging valves are available for abrasive or particulate applications. Bellows pumps produce a maximum pressure of 50 psi.
  • Diaphragm Pumps pulse a flexible membrane to displace liquid with each stroke. These pumps require no seals, so you can pump abrasives and slurries if the valves are kept clean. Diaphragm pumps produce pressures to 1100 psi.
  • Piston Pumps use a reciprocating plunger to move liquid through the pump. These pumps require a seal to prevent leaks and are not recommended for use with abrasive fluids. Piston pumps produce pressures to 5000 psi.
  • Travelling Cylinder Pumps use four out-of-phase cavities and patented cylinders to give high accuracy and low pulsation.
  • Polymer Feed Systems combine a high-viscosity diaphragm pump and proprietary mixing technology to give a fully diluted and activated polymer without a batch feed system.

Guide to Metering Pumps

Use the following guide to help you select the best type of metering pump for your application. The information given is intended as a general guideline and will not hold true for all pumps within a classification; check individual pump specifications for complete details. Pumps that have all PTFE/PFA wetted parts are recommended for applications involving aggressive liquids.
Pump type Flow rates Maximum
pressure
Self-
priming
Pulseless
flow
Viscous
fluids
Particulate
matter
Run
dry
Advantages
Bellows 6 mL/min
to 2475 mL/min
To
50 psi
Good Poor Fair Yes No Can pump liquids
or gases.
Diaphragm 10 mL/min
to 19.558 L/min
To
250 psi
Poor to
Good
Poor Good to
Excellent
No Yes Ideal for
high-accuracy
applications,
such as
pH/ORP control.
Peristaltic
(tubing)
170 mL/min
to 9.4 L/min
To
125 psi
Excellent Good at
high rpm
Good Yes Yes Noncontaminating;
available in
a wide variety
of pump materials.
Polymer feed
systems
Diluted polymer
to 6.2 L/min
To
100 psi
Poor Poor Excellent No N/A Used for
polymer make down.
Piston 0.016 mL/min
to 404.6 L/min
To
5000 psi
Good Poor Fair No No Highest pressure
and accuracy;
ideal for
HPLC applications.
Syringe 0.001 µL/min
to 147 mL/min
To
40 psi
N/A Excellent Poor No Yes Handle very low
flow rates.
Travelling
cylinder
192 mL/min
to 1536 mL/min
To
100 psi
Good Excellent Excellent No Yes Extremely high accuracy
and pulseless
flow rates.

Reference source: http://www.coleparmer.com/TechLibraryArticle/681